21 CFR 117: Code of Federal Regulations; Chapter 21, Part 117 cGMP’s. The US’s core food safety regulation under the authority of the FDA.

3PL: A third-party, or contract, logistics company. A firm to which logistics services are outsourced. Typically handles many of the following tasks: purchasing, inventory management/warehousing, transportation management, order management. 

5 Whys: is an iterative interrogative technique used to explore the cause-and-effect relationships underlying a particular problem. The primary goal of the technique is to determine the root cause of a defect or problem by repeating the question “Why?”. Each answer forms the basis of the next question. The “5” in the name derives from an anecdotal observation on the number of iterations needed to resolve the problem.

5S: is a workplace organization method that uses a list of five Japanese words: These have been translated as “Sort”, “Set In order”, “Shine”, “Standardize” and “Sustain”. The list describes how to organize a work space for efficiency and effectiveness by identifying and storing the items used, maintaining the area and items, and sustaining the new order.

Accessorial Charge: Charges for a wide variety of services/privilages, available in connection with the transportation of goods.

Adulteration: To make imperfect by adding extraneous, improper, or inferior ingredients.

Allergen: A sustenance that triggers or sets off an allergic immune response in your body. In a sense your body sees the substance as foreign and begins to attack it as a foreign invader. “The Big 8”. A hazardous ingredient. A stealth component. All allergens are proteins.

Allocations: refer to actual demand created by a sales order against a specific item. A Standard Allocation is an aggregate quantity of demand against a specific item in a specific facility. Standard Allocations do not specify that specific units will go to specific orders. A Firm Allocation or commitment is an allocation against specific units within a facility such as an allocation against a specific location, lot, or serial number. Standard Allocations simply show that there is actual demand while Firm or Hard Allocations reserve or hold the inventory for the specific order designated.

Ambient:dry space (all surroundings, no refrigeration)

An example of Flip Charge: When a private container is grounded off of a train and no chassis is available at that time. A flip charge is assessed because a flip is required at a time after the train is unloaded.

Another name for Interchange Agreement: Equipment Interchange Agreement.

Antiseptic: A substance that prevents the growth of bacteria and molds, specifically on or in the human body.

Asset: Taylor owned equipment.

Authority Code: Number that is given by the rail for verification for a published rate.

Backhaul: Hauling cargo back to point A.

Bacteria:Microscopic, one-celled, living micro-organisms which multiply by splitting into two.

Bioterrorism Act (2002): US Regulation that requires key components to protect the nation’s food supply chain from acts of intentional contamination. Registration of FDA regulated food facilities was started under Section 305 of the Act. Facilities are required to renew their registration every even-numbered year during the period beginning Oct. 1 and ending Dec. 31

Bobtail: Non-Revenue movement without a trailer or container attached.

BOL stands for: Bill of Lading.

BRC: British Retail Consortium – A GFSI Scheme

Broker: Individual who acts as an agent for a customer.

Bundled: Joining of all dray/rail services combined to one single source.

CAPA: Corrective Action Preventive Action Program. The keystone of our Quality Program.

Capacity: Maximum ability to hold or contain.

Carrier: A firm that provides transportation services, typically owning and operating transportation equipment. Examples include: trucking company, railroad, airline, steamship line, parcel/express company. 

CCP: Critical Control Point. Currently TWC has no CCP’s. A CCP is more demanding than Control Point or Simple Control Point. CCP’s have critical limits. The point at which a measure can be applied to control the hazard. If no CCP, it all comes down to the GDP’s or the Prerequisite Programs.

Chassis: Rubber tired trailer underframe on which a container is mounted for street or highway transport.

Chemical Sensitivities: Foods or Food additives that elicit an abnormal physiological response.

CL: Critical Limit. The point at which the hazard is rendered safe. All CCP’s have them. CP’s do not.

Claims: Demand, supported by evidence to show that the claimant has sustained a loss through a negligence of a carrier.

Cleaning: The removal of soil, food residues, dirt, grease and other objectionable matter.

COFC Stands for: Container on Flat Car.

Common carrier: A for-hire carrier providing transportation services to the general public. Obligations: to serve, to deliver, to charge reasonable rates, to avoid discrimination. Previously regulated in the United States; most are now deregulated.

Consignee: An individual or firm to whom freight is shipped. A freight receiver. 

Consolidation: Bringing together many small shipments, often from different shippers, into large shipment quantities, in order to take advantage of economies of scale in transportation costs. In-vehicle consolidation is when a vehicle makes pickups from many customers and consolidates freight inside the vehicle. Out-of-vehicle consolidation occurs at a terminal facility; shipments to a single customer/region are consolidated before shipment. 

Contact Insecticide: A spray that kills by contacting the insect at the time of application: there are no long-lasting effects.

Container on Flat Car: Movement of a container on a railroad flatcar. This movement is made without the container being mounted on a chassis.

Container: Truck trailer without wheel/chassis that is lifted onto flatcars.

Contaminant: Any biological or chemical agent, foreign matter, or other substances not intentionally added to food which may compromise food safety or suitability.
Contamination: The occurrence of any objectionable matter in foods.

Continuous Improvement: A quality philosophy that assumes further improvements are always possible and that processes should be continuously reevaluated, and improvements implemented. CAPA and Root cause analysis is a model for a continuous improvement program.

Control Measure: Any action or activity that can be used to prevent, eliminate, or reduce a significant hazard. i.e. the controls within the prerequisite programs such as individual GDP’s.

Core Competency: The main strength or strategic advantage of a business. A combination of pooled knowledge and technical capabilities that allow a business to be competitive in the marketplace. Core Competencies are functions that differentiate a company. TWC’s CC are inventory accuracy and Food Safety program.

Correction: repair, rework, or adjustment and relates to the disposition of an existing nonconformity.

Corrective Action: the action taken to eliminate the causes of an existing nonconformity, defect or other undesirable situation to prevent recurrence.

CP: Control Point. A process to control a Food Safety hazard where loss of control does not lead to an unacceptable health risk.

CQP: Critical Quality Point. Quality is not Food Safety, although Quality can be impacted by poor Prerequisite and SOP’s. CQP’s have CL’s, QP’s do not.

Crane: Large machine that straddles the railroad track for the purpose of loading and loading containers and trailers to and from rail cars.

Cross Town: When a drayman or railroad delivers a container or trailer from one railroad to another for the continuance of the move.

Cross-dock: Transportation terminal in which received items transferred directly from inbound to the outbound shipping dock, with storage only occurring temporarily during unloading and loading. No long-term storage is provided. Usually used only for vehicle transfers. Often owned and operated by large shippers. Examples: Home Depot, food service companies, hub passenger airports. 

Customs Broker: Company or Individual licensed by the Treasury Department to act on behalf of importers/exporters in handling US Customs transactions.

Cut Off Time: Time a container or trailer must be ingated at the terminal to meet a scheduled train loading for departure.

Cycle Count: any process that verifies the correctness of inventory quantity data by counting portions of the inventory on an ongoing basis. Any process that uses regularly scheduled counts but does not count the entire facility’s inventory in a single event.

Danger-zone of bacterial growth: The temperature range within which multiplication of pathogenic bacteria is possible

Dead-head: A portion of a transportation trip in which no freight is conveyed; an empty move. Transportation equipment is often dead-headed because of imbalances in supply and demand. For example, many more containers are shipped from Asia to North America than in reverse; empty containers are therefore dead-headed back to Asia. 

Dehydrate: To remove water

Detention: Charge made by the drayman firm or carrier for holding past a certain alotted time to load or unload.

Detergent sanitizer: A chemical used to remove grease, dirt and food particles, also used to reduce the number of micro-organisms to a level that is safe, and which will not cause premature food spoilage.

Diversion: Change made in the route of a shipment in transit.

Door to Door: Movement from the customer’s front door (dock) to the receiver’s front door (dock).

Door to Ramp: Movement from the customers front door (dock) to the destination intermodal ramp closest to the receiver.

Double-Stack: Movement of containers on specific rail cars which allow one container to be stacked on another container for better ride quality and car utilization.

Drayage: Movement of a container or trailer to or from a rail ramp for loading or unloading.

Drayman: Person employed to pick up or drop off a container or trailer at an intermodal terminal.

Driver Assist: When a drayman or driver is required to assist in the loading/unloading of a container or trailer.

Drop & Hook: When a drayman or driver drops a loaded or unloaded trailer or container at shipper or receiver and hooks up to an empty trailer or container which was previously dropped and either returns it the ramp.

Dry Run: When a drayman or driver goes to a shipper or ramp to pick up a shipment and it is either cancelled or not available.

Dunnage: Material used to protect or support freight in containers or trailers.

Economically Motivated Adulteration (EMA): Fraudulent, intentional substitution or addition of a substance in a product for the purpose of increasing the apparent value of the product or reducing the cost of its production, i.e., for economic gain.

EDI stands for: Electronic Data Interchange.

ELD stands for: Electronic Logging Device.

Electronic Data Interchange is: The process of sending and retrieving information electronically, i.e. shipment orders, waybilling, etc.

Embargo: To resist or prohibit the acceptance and handling of freight. An embargo may be caused by acts of God such as tornadoes, floods, inclement weather, congestion.

En Route: In transit to destination.

Example of Interchange: Union Pacific to CSX.

Examples of Intermodal: Truck to rail, rail to rail, rail to truck.

Exit Criteria: Comprehension Verification. Conditions that must be fulfilled in order for training or a process to be considered complete.

FAK: Freight of All Kinds.

FCL (full container-load):  An ocean-shipping and intermodal industry term; a full container-load shipment is when a shipper contracts for the transportation of an entire container. The vast majority of intermodal and ocean freight is contracted in this manner. Historically, FCL also stands for full carload which is the primary business of all modern railroads, and is the railroad equivalent of TL trucking. 

First Step in Intermodal Shipment Flow: CSM.

Fishbone Diagram: also called a cause and effect diagram or Ishikawa diagram, is a visualization tool for categorizing the potential causes of a problem in order to identify its root causes.

Flatcar: Freight car having a floor without walls or a roof to carry containers, trailers, or oversized commodities.

Flip Charge: Charges accrued when the railroad si required to provide an unnecessary or extra flip.

Flip: When a container is picked up off of the ground and mounted on a chassis for street or highway transport.

FOB (free-on-board) point: Point at which ownership of freight changes hands from shipper to consignee. FOB- origin indicates that consignee owns the goods in transit; FOB-destination indicates that shipper owns goods in transit. Owner of goods in transit is liable for loss and damage to freight, and thus should provide insurance. 

Food Authenticity: Is about ensuring that food offered for sale or sold is of the nature, substance and quality expected by the purchaser.
Food business- Any businesses in the course of which commercial operations with respect to food or food source are carried out, like Taylor Logistics.

Food Fraud: illegal deception for economic gain using food including ingredients through finished goods. A collective term encompassing the deliberate and intentional substitution, addition, tampering or misrepresentation of food, food ingredients or food packaging, labeling, product information or false or misleading statements made about a product for economic gain that could impact consumer health.

Food Hygiene: All conditions and measures necessary to ensure the safety and suitability of food at all stages of the food chain.

Food Integrity: Can be seen as ensuring that food which is offered for sale or sold is not only safe and of the nature, substance and quality expected by the purchaser but also captures other aspects of food production, such as the way it has been sourced, procured and distributed and being honest about those elements to consumers.

Food Poisoning: A notifiable illness, usually with symptoms of acute diarrhea and /or vomiting caused by the consumption of contaminated or poisonous food. (A multiplication of bacteria usually occurs within food.)

Food-borne illness: An illness resulting from the consumption of the food contaminated by pathogenic micro-organisms (and /or toxins).

Food-handling: Any operation in the production, preparation, processing, packaging, storage, transport, distribution and sale of food.

Free Time: Time period allowed before storage or detention charges begin to accrue.

Freight bill-of-lading (freight bill) : A document providing a binding contract between a shipper and a carrier for the transportation of freight, specifying the obligations of both parties. Serves as a receipt of freight by the carrier for the shipper. Usually designates the consignee, and the FOB point.

Freight forwarder: An agency that receives freight from a shipper and then arranges for transportation with one or more carriers for transport to the consignee. Often used for international shipping. Will usually consolidate freight from many shippers to obtain low, large- volume transportation rates from carriers (through a contract ). Often owns some pickup and delivery equipment; uses to transport freight to/from consolidation facilities. Also provide other shipping services: packaging, temporary freight storage, customs clearing. 

Freight size: Freight is most often measured by its weight, and transportation vehicles of varying sizes typically have weight capacities that cannot be exceeded due to engineering or regulatory reasons. Freight may also be measured by cube, which generally refers to the volume of the freight. A vehicle is said to cube-out if it does not exceed its weight capacity, but its volume is completely full. 

FSMA: Food Safety Modernization Act- The Comprehensive Act of 2011 gives the FDA authority to recall and to withdraw registration. The fundamental aim of FSMA is to prevent and not just react to foodborne illness outbreaks.

FSSC 2200: Food Safety System Certification. One of 4 GFSI Schemes.

Gastroenteritis: An inflammation of the stomach and intestinal tract that normally results in diarrhea.

Gate: A point at an intermodal terminal where a clerk checks in and out all containers and trailers. All reservations and paperwork are check at the gatehouse.

Gatehouse: Structure at the gate where a clerk inspects and clears the entrance and exit of all containers and trailers.

Germicide: An agent used for killing micro-organisms.

GFSI: Global Food Safety Initiative

GHS: Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals.

Grounding: Term used to identify when a piece of equipment has been removed from a flat car.

HACCP Plan: (Hazard Analysis of Critical Control Points) a scientific approach that identifies preventive controls in food production and distribution where unsafe and unsound conditions could occur.

HARPC: Hazard Analysis & Risk-Based Preventive Controls

Hazard: An agent or cause that is reasonably likely to cause illness, injury, or death or customer dissatisfaction in the absence of control. There are 3 types: biological, chemical, and physical.

Hazardous Material HAZ MAT: Substance greater than a 1000 lbs of physical or chemical characteristics that may cause or significantly pose a substantial hazard to human health or the environment when improperly packaged, stored, transported or otherwise managed.

How long does a typical freeloading/unloading take: No more than 2 hours.

Hub-and-spoke: A transportation system design in which large hub terminals are used for freight consolidation. Medium-volume services serve the spoke-to-hub collection and hub-to-spoke distribution tasks. Large-volume services are operated in the hub-to- hub markets. In most systems, all outbound/inbound freight for a spoke uses the same hub, and thus larger shipment sizes are realized. Many transportation systems oriented in this way.

Hygiene Immunity: The ability to resist an invading organism so that the body doesn’t develop disease.

If the DMP decides to use a Partner Carrier, who does the shipment go to: Dray Operations Specialist.

If the DMP decides to use an asset, who does the shipment go to: DAP

IFS: International Featured Standards. The German GFSI Scheme
Incubation (onset) period – The period between infection and the first signs of illness.

Industrial Foods: Food Ingredients. Food that is inviting to food pests such as flour or cereal. Usually dry food. Sensitive Food. Vulnerable from a Food Defense perspective.

Ingate: Process of checking a container or trailer into the origin rail ramp facility.

Insecticide/pesticide: A chemical used to kill pests.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM): An effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management that relies on a combination of common sense practices. The information in combination with available pest control methods is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means and with the least possible hazard to people, food product, and the environment.

Integrators: Companies that provide door-to-door domestic and international air freight service. Own and operate aircraft, as well as ground delivery fleets of trucks. In contrast, freight-hauling airlines typically do not provide door-to-door service. 

Interchange Agreement: Agreement between a railroad and a drayage company that allows a specific drayage company to drop off or pick up railroad or private intermodal equipment at the said railraod’s facilities.

Interchange: Exchange of rail cars – trailer and/or containers, from one railroad to another.

Interline shipment:  Shipment moving from origin to destination via two or more carriers. Occurs frequently in rail transportation: for example, each rail container moving from Atlanta to Los Angeles is moved interline, using for example CSX and Union Pacific with an interline junction in New Orleans. 

Intermodal: Transport of freight by two or more modes of transportation.

J-1: Report filled out during the ingate and outgate process. The j-1 details damage to the unit, container information, shipping information, drayman involved and time of ingate/outgate.

Landing Gear: Moveable metal legs on the front of a trailer which support the trailer when not connected to a tractor.

Last step of the ISF: Origin to Rail.

LCL (less-than-container-load): An ocean-shipping and intermodal industry term; LTL equivalent in container shipping. Container freight stations at ports serve as consolidation and deconsolidation terminals. Historically, LCL also stands for less-than-carload. Before the prominence of interstate trucking, railroads offered less-than-carload (LCL) service but this business has largely disappeared. 

Listeria: a cold loving deadly bacteria that can be spread through food. Listeria can cause miscarriage and meningitis.

Live Load: When a drayman or driver stays with a container or trailer while being loaded or unloaded.

Load Shift: Term when the contents of a container or trailer are shifted inside the unit sometime after it leaves the actual origin and before it arrives at the final destination.

Loss and damage: Loss or damage of freight shipments while in transit or in a carrier-operated warehouse. Terms for the handling of claims are usually stipulated in the freight bill. Shippers/consignees usually take out insurance against L&D with premiums a function of the value of goods shipped, and the likelihood of L&D. 

LTL stands for: Less than Truckload.

Lumper: Person hired to help unload a container or trailer instead of using the driver.

Mitigation: Intended to reduce the consequence of the event. (see prevention)

NVOCC: Nonvessel-operating common carrier. Owns no vessels (ships), but provides ocean shipping freight-forwarding services. Provides consolidated, negotiated-rate services for ocean and inland water carriers. Often will affliate with freight forwarders to provide pickup/delivery, other services. 

Opportunistic Count: occurs when an associate is asked to confirm how much inventory is left at a location where he or she is already working.

NVOCC: Nonvessel-operating common carrier. Owns no vessels (ships), but provides ocean shipping freight-forwarding services. Provides consolidated, negotiated-rate services for ocean and inland water carriers. Often will affliate with freight forwarders to provide pickup/delivery, other services. 

OTR is: Refers to the movement of a truck over the road instead of an intermodal movement.

OTR stands for: Over the Road.

Outgate: Process of checking a container or trailer out of an intermodal facility.

Packaging: converting finished product into a new SKU. Could be a display pallet. We do not use the term repack or repackaging.

Packing List: Detailed specification as to goods packed into a container or trailer.

Pad: Area within a parking lot or intermodal terminal designated for a particular type of container, or trailer, such as a loaded outbound.

Pallet: Wooden, paper, plastic platform, usually with a top and bottom, where packaged goods are placed to facilitate movement by some type of freight handling equipment.

Pareto Principle: states that a small # of causes are responsible for a large number of effects. (Ex. A small number of order fillers are responsible for a large number of mistakes). The 80/20 Rule. Separating the vital few from the trivial many. One of our quality tools.

Partner Carrier: Third-party logistics service provider that is paid to haul contracted shipments for a fee.

Pathogen: Disease- producing organism.

PDCA: (plan-do-check-act, sometimes seen as plan-do-check-adjust) is a repetitive four-stage model for continuous improvement (CI) in business process management.

Per Diem: Charge based on a fixed rate per day which a carrier makes against another carrier or customer for use of its container or trailer.

Permeable: to pass through or to penetrate. An example of this would be bagged product or PHF, Potentially Hazardous Packaging.

Pest: any objectionable or noxious animals or insects including but not limited to birds, rodents, flies, and larvae.

Pheromone: A chemical secreted by an animal usually an insect that influences the behavior, development, or physiology of others of the same species, and often functions as an attractant of the opposite sex.

Pickup Number: Secure number provided to parties listed on the waybill. Allows only those parties to receive a container in order to outgate from our ramp facilities.

Placard: Sign affixed to a rail car or truck, which indicates the hazardous designation of the product being transported in that vehicle.

Pool: An assigned group of containers, trailers, or cars used to satisfy the transportation requirements of a customer.

Port Charge:  Charge for services rendered at ports.

Port of Entry: Port at which foreign goods are admitted into the receiving country. Ports of entry are officially designated by the government.

Prevention: Intended to reduce or eliminate the likelihood of the event occurring.

Preventive Action: action taken to eliminate the cause of a potential nonconformity, defect, or other undesirable situation in order to prevent occurrence.

Preventive Controls: Risk-based, reasonably appropriate procedures, practices, and processes that one would employ to significantly minimize or prevent the hazards identified under the hazard analysis that are consistent with the current scientific understanding of safe food manufacturing, processing, packing, or holding at the time of the analysis.

Private carrier: Owned and operated by a shipper. Usually refers to private trucking fleets. Components include: vehicle fleet, drivers, maintenance equipment. Often more expensive than contracting out, but not always. Can serve special needs: fast, high-ontime-reliability delivery; special equipment; special handling; availability. 

Private Equipment: Equipment whose ownership is vested in a person or company that is not engaged in the service of common carriage.

Purchase Order – PO: Document issued by a buyer to seller, indicating types, quantities, and agreed prices for products or services.

Quality Assurance: QA is process and system oriented and focused on defect prevention. QA resides within the direction and focus of management.

Quality Control: QC is product or service oriented and focused on defect identification. QC is the responsibility of the people preforming the activity. Order Checking is QC. QC is similar to Verification.

Ramp-to-Door: Movement from the destination ramp to the consignee.

Ramp-to-Ramp: Movement from the origin ramp to the destination ramp.

Ramp: Slang word for an intermodal terminal.

Reconsignment: Any charge in the original billing of goods in transit.

Recoup: processing TWC damage, both internal (our damage) and external (incoming damage)

Redo: a process that did not work the first time and had to be done over again. Our Food Quality Objective “Is doing it right the first time”

Reefer: A refrigerated container. For long storage in transit (or in ports) must be plugged into a ship’s power system (or port’s). Temporary power units can be attached that last for 18-36 hours. 

Reportable Food Registry: Federal Law requires a responsible party to file a reportable food report electronically at https://www.safetyreporting.hhs.gov within 24 hours of determining that the use of, or exposure to, an FDA-regulated food (other than infant formula and dietary supplements) will cause serious health consequences or death to humans or animals.

Reportable Food: is that for which there is a reasonable probability that the use of, or exposure to, such article of food will cause serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals.

Residual insecticide: A long lasting insecticide applied in such a way that remains active for a considerable period of time. (unlike a contact insecticide) Some insecticides will leave a residue that will continue to kill insects for several weeks or perhaps even longer. Because of this long-lasting effect, the EPA places certain restrictions on the use of residual insecticides.

Rework: implies open or exposed product. TWC currently preforms no rework. A hi-risk process.

Rez-1: Independent agent that handles all rail owned equipment reservations with a centralized system to manage assets through the internet.

Risk analysis: is a process consisting of three components: risk assessment, risk management and risk communication.

Risk assessment: is a scientifically-based process consisting of hazard identification, hazard characterization, exposure assessment, and risk characterization.

Risk: Likelihood + Severity (Consequences of exposure) an uncertainty of an outcome that is assessed in terms of likelihood and consequence.

Root Cause Analysis: the process of evaluating, assigning, and measuring root causes rather than symptoms.

Root Cause: The ultimate source of an effect rather than the symptom. The root, not the weed. Could be multiple causes.

Rubber Wheel Interchange: Containers or trailers that are interchanged between two railroads by means of drayage.

SAHCODHA: serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals

Salmonella: an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems. Healthy persons infected with Salmonella often experience fever, diarrhea (which may be bloody), nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.

Sanitary: Free of disease causing organisms

Seal: Device for fastening or locking the doors of a rail car, container or trailer. This is done for security and integrity of the shipment.

Second Step in ISF: IOS.

Segment: Shipment divided into separate transportation portions
Shipper/consignor: An individual or firm that sends freight. A freight originator. 

Sensitive Foods: Readily affected or vulnerable to temperature or pest activity.

Spores: A resistant resting-place of bacteria protecting them against adverse conditions, such as high temperature.

SQF: Safe Quality Food

Statistical process control: (SPC) is a method of quality control which employs statistical methods to monitor and control a process. This helps to ensure that the process operates efficiently, producing more specification-conforming products with less waste. SPC can be applied to any process where the “conforming product” output can be measured.

Steel Wheel Interchange: Containers or trailers that are interchanged between two railroads while on the railroad flatcar.

Stock Recovery: Used to recover product that has not been placed in retail distribution channels but is still under the BCO’s direct control from which the company can assure there will be no forward distribution.

Stock Rotation: A control system which ensures food products are stored and removed from storage in a manner that prevents deterioration, obsolescence, and contamination. Ingredients, packaging supplies and other materials are rotated according to customer/consignee requested rotation. Our WMS handles all verifiable methods including First-In, First-Out (FIFO) basis or other verifiable methods (such as First Expired, First-Out (FEFO) to ensure stock rotation. Strict FIFO leads to poor rotation. Monitored by Cycle Counts. FEFO is our default protocol.

Storage Charges: Charge assigned to the shipper or consignee for holding containers or trailers at an intermodal terminal beyond the free time alotted to them.

Street Turn: Exchange of intermodal equipment without the means of reserving on REZ 1. Reusing the equipment immediately or from a drop / hook.

Switching:  Switching is a railroad term denoting the local movement of. 

Tariff: Legal listing of rates used when moving regulated traffic by rail.

TCI is: Refrigerated unit used to haul climate controlled freight.

TCI Stands for: Temperature Controlled Intermodal.

TCS Foods: Time/Temperature Control for Safety Foods

TDC: Taylor Distributing Co.

Third Step in ISF: Dray Market Planner or EDI to Rail.

Threat: The cause of an unwanted event that includes generally known variables or attributes of the source of the negative consequence.

TLI: Taylor Logistics Inc.

TOFC is: Rail trailer or container mounted on a chassis that is transported on a rail car. AKA piggyback.

TOFC Stands for: Trailer on Flatcar.

Toxins: Poisons produced by pathogens.

Trailer: Rectangular shaped box with permanent wheels attached for the transport of goods on rail, highway, or a combination of both.

Transload: To physically transfer product from one transportation vehicle to another.

Transportation broker: An agency that obtains negotiated large-volume transportation rates from carriers, and resells this capacity to shippers. Unlike freight forwarders, will not handle freight and owns no pickup/delivery equipment or storage facilities. 

TWC: Taylor Warehousing Co.

Unbundled: The dividing of a shipment into separate parts to different third party carriers / transportation providers.

Validation: (Effectiveness) Was it designed right? Were the right controls put in place? We validate on the front end of the process. We design Quality and safety into the process. Does it follow the law?

Verification: Did you do it? Part of Validation. But Validation is not part of Verification (because Validation always come first.) We use Verification to confirm compliance. We verify on the backend of the process. Cycle counts are verification as are checking the checker. Think Verification schedules.

Vertical Harmony: It is acceptable to store food products in nested packaging (air-tight, non-permeable, moisture-vapor barrier packaging) above products in racks with different allergen profiles in permeable packaging but not below.

Vulnerability: a weakness or flaw that creates opportunities for undesirable events related to the system (system design)

Water activity: A measure of the water in food available to aid in bacteria growth.

Waybill: Doc covering a shipment and showing the forwarding and receiving station, the names of consignor and consignee, car initials and number, routing, description and weight of the commodity, instructions for special services, the rate, total charges, advances and waybill reference for previous services and the amount prepaid.

What do Accessorial Charges Include: All charges other than linehaul and fuel charges.

What does the Dray Market Planner decide next: Whether Using an Asset or Using a Partner Carrier.

What is BOL: Shipping form which is both a receipt for property and a contract for the delivery of goods by a carrier.

When does the freight forwarder separate the shipment: Upon reaching the destination, the shipment is separated into small shipments and delivered.

When using a Partner Carrier who does the Dray Operations Specialist contact: Partner Carrier.

When using an Asset, Who does the DAP contact: Asset Driver.

Wholesome food: Sound food, fit for human consumption.

Withdrawal: The voluntary removal or correction of a product in the marketplace that involves a minor infraction that does not warrant legal action. Compared to a Recall. Done for Food Quality issues, not for Food Safety.

Zero Confirmation: occurs when the system shows an order picker has picked the last item in a slot and asks the picker for a simple yes or no confirmation. An Opportunistic Count that reduces overhead and improves asset utilization by allowing workers to conduct counts on the spot instead of making a separate trip.